I. A. TSAREGORODTSEVA
Postgraduate student of RSUH
Relations between the Egyptian authorities and the most influential Muslim organization, the Muslim Brotherhood (ABM), have been marked by constant conflicts throughout its history. The confrontation between the ruling elite and the brotherhood, which is in constant opposition to the regime, culminated in a ban imposed by the authorities on the organization's activities in 1956.For more than half a century, the Association has been operating legally illegally, but the authorities have failed to destroy the organization itself or reduce its influence and authority among the multi-million-strong population of Egypt.
In late 2009 and early 2010, the new executive body of the Association - the Main Management Bureau (GRB) - and the eighth supreme mentor were elected. As a result, representatives of the conservative movement within the Muslim Brotherhood won, and Muhammad Badi was elected as a new mentor.
The strengthening of the conservative camp, whose members are supporters of the non-systemic nature of the Islamist opposition and the curtailment of its political activity, and the weakening of the position of the moderate wing of Islamists, who, on the contrary, advocate dialogue with the authorities and for the Association's participation in the country's political life, are largely due to the ongoing repression of the Muslim Brotherhood by the authorities.
Meanwhile, the Egyptian regime's tough fight against Islamists may eventually turn against itself. The Muslim Brotherhood Association is essentially the only serious opposition force in Egypt that has a clear political program, broad support in society, an extensive social network, and a rich experience in opposing the ruling regime. The participation of the moderate wing of Islamists in the country's political life, which is impossible without the support of the authorities, can revive democratic trends in Egyptian society. The transformation of the Muslim Brothe ... Read more